Wednesday, 16 January 2013

บันทึกการเดินทางกาฐมาณฑุ ตอน9 (โกกานาและบุงกะมาตี Khokana&Bungkamati)

Bungamati is a village development committee in Lalitpur District in the Bagmati Zone of central Nepal. Bungamati or Bunga: (called by local people in Newa: (Nepal Bhasa) language ) or Amarapur (an old name) is a classic Newa: village dating from the 16th century. It is perched on a spur of land overlooking the Bagmati river.Bungamati is the birth place of Rato Macchindranath,regarded as the patron of the valley and the large Rato Macchindranath, shikhar-style temple in the center of the village square is his home for six months of the year(he spends the rest of his time in patan).The process of moving him around patan and backward and forward to Bungamati Central to one of the most important annual festivals in the valley.The chowk around the temple is one of the most beautiful in the valley-here one can see the heart of a functioning Newa: town.In Bungamati the Karya Binayak temple is also one of the most important temples in Nepal, is dedicated to Ganesh,the view is spectacular from the Karya Binayak, surrounding by trees and large bamboos and can look at the Bagmati valley to the foothills.

The central ritual focus of Bungamati is the Temple of Macchindranath. To the villagers, Macchindranath is known by the name “Bungadeya”; the name is derived either after the village founded at the spot where Bhairav howled “bu” (birthplace), or from the word “Bungaa:” meaning “watering place” or “spring” like the explanation of the name of the village and several residents in Bungamati offer the second derivation. Bungadeya has many important mythological, historical and contemporary ritual associations with water.Bungadeya being a primordial rain god, who was later identified with the benevolent Aryavalokiteshvara. Macchindranath is also known by the name of “Karunamaya” meaning an embodiment of love and kindness like a mother figure. While Bungamati Newa: people refer to Macchindranath as Bungadeya, Newah from other parts of the valley use the name Karunamaya to refer to Machendranath. Machendranath’s identity as Padmapani, Lokeshvara, and Aryavalokiteshvara is widely known.

Khokana is a village development committee in Lalitpur District in the Bagmati Zone of central Nepal. At the time of the 1991 Nepal census it had a population of 4258 living in 699 individual households.[1]
Khokana, a traditional and tiny Newari village eight kilometers south of Kathmandu (on the outskirts of Patan), which has its own history and has retained its tradition and culture. It is a living museum and recalls medieval times. The farming community of Newars who live here are mostly dependent on agriculture and much of their daily activities take place outside of their dwellings.
There are women sitting outside spinning, men crushing seeds, and other daily activities. The village is famous for its unusual mustard-oil harvesting process in which a heavy wooden beam is used to crush the mustard seeds in order to extract the oil. It is believed that a share system was used in the past here. This oil can be consumed if desired, but it can also be used for therapeutic massage. This was also the first village, indeed the first habitation, to be electrified, before Kathmandu.[citation needed]
In the center is a three-storey temple, Shree Rudrayani, with a particularly wide main street, especially for a village of such small size. Khokana has been nominated to be listed as a Unesco World Heritage, representing a vernacular village and its mustard-oil seed industrial heritage.[2]
"Khokana is a unique village which can be taken as a model of a medieval settlement pattern with a system of drainage and chowks. It houses chaityas and a Mother Goddess temple. The mustard-oil seed industry has become the living heritage of the village."[citation needed]
In January the Khokana festival is held to showcase the unique aspects of the village. Cultural Newari dances, such as the Thimi dance and Devi dance, Newar food, such as Newar pancake (woh), a sweet steamed dumpling filled with molasses and sesame (yomari) and strong Nepali wine (ayla), crafts, music and the towns mustard production were all on display.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

โกกานาและบุงกะมาตี เป็นหมู่บ้านเล็กๆที่อยู่ติดกัน เป็นหมู่บ้านเก่าแก่ที่สุดแห่งหนึ่งในหุบเขากาฐมาณฑุ  สภาพบ้านเรือนและวิถีชุมชมยังเรียบง่ายและยังคงสภาพเก่าแก่ให้เห็นในปัจจุบัน 

การเดินทางจากกาฐมาณฑุ มุ่งหน้าลงใต้ผ่านเมืองปาทันเข้าสู่เลเลออกมานอกเมือง จะผ่านทิวทัศน์แบบนาขั้นบันได และทุ่งมัสตาร์ด 

 จากทางเข้าของหมู่บ้าน เป็นทางเดินบนแผ่นอิฐที่ผานบ้านเรือนเรียงรายสองข้างทาง

ด้านในหมู่บ้าน มีทางเดินแคบๆไปสู่ Rato Machhendranath temple ซึ่งในทุกฤดูหนาววัดนี้จะเป็นที่ประดิษฐานของเทพราโตมัจเฉนทรานาถแห่งปาตัน 

 Rato Machhendranath temple, Bungamati, Kathmandu Valley.
Every year the image of the Rato Machhendranath temple is taken from Bungamati to Jawalakhel in Lalitpur on a chariot. The whole journey takes place during the Rato Machhendranath festival in spring (end of the Nepali year).

 รอบๆวัดเป็นบ้านเรือนของชาวบ้านที่ยัคงทำอาชีพกสิกรรมและงานแกะสลักไม้  ช่วงฤดูเก็บเกี่ยวลานวัดจึงกลายเป็นที่ตากข้าวเปลือกของชาวบ้านโดยปริยาย

 จากหมู่บ้านบุกะมาตี  ขับรถไปอีกนิดเดียวก็จะถึงหมู่บ้านโกกานา (Khokana)  หมู่บ้านนี้ได้รับการขึ้นทะเบียนเป็นมรดกโลกทางประวัติศาสตร์และสถาปัตยกรรมที่ควรค่าแก่การอนุรักษ์ 

This village is also listed in world heritage. This village is mostly popular for its culture and the heritage. People of this village produce pure mustard oil by using traditional method in which they use two heavy beams of wooden block to crush heated mustard seed and extract the oil. They are using this method from many generations.

 ชีวิตความเป็นอยู่ ยังเรียบง่าย 

The Khokana festival, Nepal, is held every year in August, the day after Gai Jatra. A 5-6 month old goat is thrown in a pond close to Rudrayani temple in Khokana, a village in the south of Kathmandu Valley.

Nine young men enter the pond and start to tear the goat apart by grasping its legs, ears, hoof or tail. The one who manages to kill the goat is the ‘hero’ and leads the Shinkali dance which is held afterwards.



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